When these people experience asthma symptoms, the thoracic airways become constricted therefore it becomes more difficult to breathe. Anti-inflammatory asthma drugs reduce symptoms by treating the key inflammation.
Inhalation is frequently the very best path for delivery of medications to treat asthma. Many unique devices have been introduced within the past several decades to allow individuals of all ages with allergies to use inhaled drugs which help control respiratory symptoms. The major benefits of inhaled drugs are their direct delivery into the subject of issue the bronchi and bronchioles leading to the lungs and their lack of side effects compared to many drugs taken orally or injection.
Types of inhalation devices
There are 3 standard kinds of apparatus used to deliver inhaled medications. The most common of them is the metered dose inhaler (MDI), which uses a chemical propellant to push the medicine out of the inhaler. Nebulizers deliver good liquid mists of medication via a “mask” that fits over the mouth and nose, using oxygen or air under pressure. They are often used to treat people who have asthma who can’t use an inhaler, such as babies, young children and acutely ill patients of all ages. Rotary inhalers and dry powder inhalers have been introduced to provide asthma medicine with no propellant chlorofluorocarbon (CFC), which damages the earth’s ozone layer. Soon, more inhaled asthma medicines will become accessible in this form due to requirements that manufacturers address concerns about the ecological effects of CFC propellants used in the majority of MDIs.
Proper MDI usage
All metered dose inhalers have instructions, which you must follow carefully. Individuals with asthma and/or their caretakers should ask that their prescribing doctor give a demonstration on using the specific MDI. This should be done again at the drugstore if needed, and the procedure should be assessed at follow-up doctor visits.
If you are using a spacer or holding chamber, be certain that you follow the specific instructions that come with every. Also, MDIs used to provide drugs such as bitolterol, pirbuterol and triamcinolone are somewhat different from other MDIs. To make certain that you are using your inhaler(s) properly, request specific training for each and every inhalation device you are instructed to utilize.
Although used to deliver different medications, many MDIs are alike. Following are instructions that apply to many of these inhalers:
If the cap is not on, check the mouthpiece opening to the presence of foreign objects before each use.
Keep track of inhalations as they are taken. Some manufacturers include a “check-off” in their individual directions. A device is also available that attaches to a inhaler and allows patients to keep track of the number of puffs taken. For daily care medications, divide the number of inhalations per canister (printed on the canister or in the individual data dispensed with the medication) from the amount of puffs to be obtained each day to calculate how many days it will last and if the MDI should be replaced. The widely-used way of immersing the inhaler to water to see if it floats is wrong. After that point, you can’t be sure your are receiving the right amount of medication per inhalation.
Test spray the inhaler before using it initially if it has not been used for a month or more. Thereafter, this does not need to be performed before each use.
Breathe out through the mouth to empty the lungs.
Position the inhaler one or two inches away from your open mouth (open mouth technique).
Press down firmly and fully on the top of the metal canister with your index finger while breathing in deeply and slowly through your mouth.
After breathing in the medication, continue to inhale as completely as possible and try to hold your breath for five to ten minutes so that the medicine has a chance to work.
Wait 30-60 seconds and shake the inhaler again. Repeat the following steps for every inhalation as prescribed by your doctor.
After thoroughly drying the plastic case and cap, gently replace the canister to the situation with a twisting motion and replace the cap.
If you are using a corticosteroid inhaler, rinse your mouth by gargling with water and simmer after finishing the inhalations.
Nebulizers effectively deliver asthma medications in a fine mist through mouthpieces, through masks sized differently to match infants through adults, or even through T-tubes. Nebulized asthma medication is especially useful for babies, young children and some older patients that are not able to use an MDI. Nebulizers are also frequently used in older children and adults as intensive treatment to help reverse severe asthma attacks. There are lots of nebulizers on the marketplace, offering such features as a tiny, portable size, battery packs or adapters for use in autos.
Again, it’s necessary to get proper instruction on the use of your nebulizer. Health care staff working with the doctor prescribing the nebulizer therapy can demonstrate their proper use. This training can be supplemented by staff of medical supply businesses, who will demonstrate the nebulizer’s usage when they deliver it into the patient’s home.
Proper medication use
Your doctor will prescribe the inhaled medicine that is most suitable for you. If you have any questions about your prescribed inhaled medications or their proper use, be certain that you contact your physician. Many inhaled asthma medications are intended to be used on a daily basis to keep your airways open, even when you’re not experiencing symptoms. Follow your doctor’s instructions to ensure that you’re optimally managing your asthma.